Highly revered in modern American art, German artist and teacher Hans Hofmann (1880–1966) developed a practical philosophy for his academic courses, which can be summarized as follows: the artistic process is determined by
- - nature. Its laws act within us;
- - the artist. He/she has a spiritual connection with nature;
- - the medium that bears the image. Artists transfer their inner world onto the medium (canvas, paper, sculpture, object).
These definitions apply to the creative styles of a number of world-renowned artists. Hans Hofmann was instrumental in promoting a European way of thinking in the United States and supporting young artists such as Allan Kaprow, Helen Frankenthaler and Larry Rivers. Hofman conveyed a sense of color, form, image and movement in such a way that, in the words of Frank Stella, he became the most outstanding teacher of the twentieth century.